Fair trade is not about spending more money or buying more stuff. It's about helping producers in developing countries get a fair price for their goods. In A Fair Deal: Shopping for Social Justice, Kari Jones provides a history of trade, explaining what makes trade systems unfair and what we can do about it. By examining ways in which our global trade systems value some people over others, the book illustrates areas in which fair trade practices can help families all around the world and suggests ways to get involved in making the world a more equitable place.
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Text copyright © 2017 Kari Jones
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval system now known or to be invented, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Library and Archives Canada Cataloguing in Publication
Jones, Kari, 1966-, author A fair deal : shopping for social justice / Kari Jones. (Orca footprints)
Includes bibliographical references and index. Issued in print and electronic formats. ISBN 978-1-4598-1043-3 (hardcover).—ISBN 978-1-4598-1044-0 (pdf).— ISBN 978-1-4598-1045-7 (epub)
1. Social responsibility of business—Juvenile literature. 2. Commerce— Social aspects—Juvenile literature. 3. Social justice—Juvenile literature. I. Title. II. Series: Orca footprints
HD60.J6632017 J174'.4 C2017-900829-3 C2017-900830-7
First published in the United States, 2017 Library of Congress Control Number: 2017932487
Summary: This nonfiction book in the Footprints series, illustrated with color photographs throughout, looks at trade from the perspective of making it fair for all people.
Orca Book Publishers gratefully acknowledges the support for its publishing programs provided by the following agencies: the Government of Canada through the Canada Book Fund and the Canada Council for the Arts, and the Province of British Columbia through the BC Arts Council and the Book Publishing Tax Credit.
The authors and publisher have made every effort to ensure that the information in this book was correct at the time of publication. The authors and publisher do not assume any liability for any loss, damage, or disruption caused by errors or omissions. Every effort has been made to trace copyright holders and to obtain their permission for the use of copyright material. The publisher apologizes for any errors or omissions and would be grateful if notified of any corrections that should be incorporated in future reprints or editions of this book.
Cover images by iStock.com, Getty Images Back cover images (top left to right): iStock.com, iStock.com, Level Ground Trading; (bottom left to right):Level Ground Trading, Getty Images, Shutterstock.com
Edited by Sarah N. Harvey Design and production by Teresa Bubela and Jenn Playford
ORCA BOOK PUBLISHERSwww.orcabook.com
To Michael and Rowan
Fair Trade tea starts on beautiful farms like this one. CHEMC/GETTY IMAGES
CHAPTER ONE: Time to Trade
Message in a Bottle
Will That Be Cash or Cow?
A Camel at the Door
Full Steam Ahead
In My Basket
In My Basket
Feeding the Factories
CHAPTER TWO: All People Count
That’s Not Fair!
Lace in the Trunk
How Does It Work?
In My Basket
Flush with Money…
United We Stand
Ready for School
Don’t Throw That Away
Making It Fair
In My Basket
CHAPTER THREE: What Fair Looks Like
How Does It All Work?
Sometimes It’s Big
Worms for Sale!
In My Basket
Sometimes It Takes a Village
Sometimes It’s Little
In My Basket
Making Dreams Come True
Getting It Out There
CHAPTER FOUR: Making Change
Changing the World
Pssst…Pass It On
Cupcakes for Sale!
Holidays and Summer Fun
In My Basket
It’s a Challenge
Fair Trade Schools
In My Basket
Hear Ye, Hear Ye!
Buy Fair, Buy Less
Mum and me wearing dresses made by women in a Tanzanian cooperative. MICHAEL PARDY
Do you ever wonder who makes your T-shirts? Or where the melons in your fruit salad are grown? Or how soccer balls get those little stitches in them?
I was always curious about where things came from, but I never thought too much about it until I was in my early twenties and I visited my parents, who were living in Tanzania. My mother and I visited a cooperative (a small group of people who all own a business together) where artisans made beautiful wooden toys and hand-sewn clothes. The artisans explained that they used to sell their goods on street corners until they joined the cooperative, but since then they’d had a steady income and were able to sell their goods to people around the world. Speaking to those craftspeople made me realize that when we buy things, we are connecting ourselves to a whole web of people across the globe. The idea was exciting, and when I came home to Canada, I joined a group called the Gaia Project, which works with people just like those workers in Tanzania.
A group of Rwandan artisan women work on a cloth decorated with embroidered patterns. SARINE ARSLANIAN/SHUTTERSTOCK.COM
This Zambian girl is collecting palms to make woven baskets for a fair trade project. VIDEA
Through the Gaia Project, I learned more about how trade works and the effect it has on people’s lives. I learned about sweat shops and child labor and environmental problems. It turns out that a lot of people work hard to make sure that the folks who grow and make the things we buy get a fair deal. Read on to find out about all these amazing people.
This boy found a message in a bottle eight years after it was cast into the sea. He lives in Ireland, and the girls who sent it are from Canada. They were delighted to hear from him! AOIFE MILLEA/CLEARE PHOTOGRAPHY
Have you ever put a message in a bottle and thrown it into the ocean or a river? Did you try to guess who might find it?I wonder if the people who make the things we buy ever think about us. Does a seamstress imagine the person who’s going to wear the shirt she made? Do farmers wonder who will eat the spinach they grew? How about you? Do you ever wonder about the people who make your things? Who they are, where they work, where they live, how old they are? These are the questions I asked myself when I started writing this book.
Economists (people who study how trade works) say that trade has three phases.
1. Production: when things are grown or made
2. Distribution: when things are shipped from farms or
factories to stores
3. Consumption: when people buy things and eat, drink
or use them
A lot of work goes into the production of coffee. LEVEL GROUND TRADING
Together these phases make up what’s called the supply chain, which brings us goods from around the world. Studying how the supply chain works helped me answer my questions about where things come from and who makes them.
FAIR TRADE FACT: Ebla, Syria, is the earliest known market town. From about 2500 BCE, people traveled hundreds of kilometers to trade silver, timber and lapis lazuli.
People all around the world enjoy shopping at markets where they can meet farmers and eat the freshest fruit and vegetables. MEINZAHN/SHUTTERSTOCK.COM
If you go to a farmers’ market, you can fill your basket or cloth bag with fruits and vegetables fresh-picked that morning. Where I live, there are markets all over the city. Families from the neighborhood come to buy food and listen to music and hang out with their friends. It’s fun, and we often come home with fresh strawberries (my favorite) and vegetables to cook for dinner.
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