Critical Thinking: Principles of Effective Decision Making and Unshakeable Problem-Solving Skills To Take Back Control of Your Life - Armani Murphy - E-Book

Critical Thinking: Principles of Effective Decision Making and Unshakeable Problem-Solving Skills To Take Back Control of Your Life E-Book

Armani Murphy

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Beschreibung

Do you spend a lot of time daydreaming, but not a lot of time actually making things happen?

Do you have a clear idea of where you want your life to be, but can’t seem to actually get there?

Does the idea of making a serious decision make you break out in a cold sweat?
If the answer to any of these questions is yes, then you have a lot in common with a large percentage of the population! Time and time again, we see dreamers unable to do, schemers unable to follow through, and people perched on the brink of a big decision, and incapable of doing anything other than sitting on the fence.

But just because you are that way now doesn’t mean you have to be content to stay that way!
If you’ve ever envied someone who seems to have their life together, who goes out and gets what they want, and who doesn’t let anything stop them, you’re really envying their critical thinking and decision-making skills. The good news is, this is something that can be taught! And you’re looking at the book that will teach you exactly the skills you need!

Critical Thinking: Principles of Effective Decision Making and Unshakeable Problem-Solving Skills To Take Back Control of Your Life will walk you through the basics of:

- Training your brain to move past the “deer in the headlights” reaction to decision-making
- Learning how to set goals and actually move towards them, step by step
- Honing your innate critical thinking faculties — even if you didn’t think you had any
- Developing problem-solving skills that allow you to face any situation with confidence

On top of that, this book will also teach you:

- The five principles that go into true critical thinking
- The expert-recommended “connect the dots” approach to critical thinking
- How to reassert control of your own life, rather than just dreaming about success

No matter how you feel about your situation now, there is always a way out. Let this book be your guide to a happier, more self-determined you!

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Critical Thinking

Principles of Effective Decision Making and Unshakeable Problem-Solving Skills To Take Back Control of Your Life

Armani Murphy

Contents

Introduction: Personal Notes from the Author

1. You Vs. Your Brain — What Happens When You Lack Critical Thinking Skills

2. The Five Principles Of Critical Thinking

3. Goals, Decisions, And Success Rates, Oh My! — Top Tips On How To Move Forward

Afterword

Power Principles

Relevant Resources

Copyright 2020 by Armani Murphy - All Rights Reserved

This book is geared towards providing accurate and reliable information with regard to the topic covered. The publication is sold with the idea that the publisher is not required to render accounting, officially permitted, or otherwise, qualified services. If advice is necessary, legal or professional, a practiced individual in the profession should be ordered. From a Declaration of Principles that was accepted and approved equally by a Committee of the American Bar Association and a Committee of Publishers and Associations.

In no way is it legal to reproduce, duplicate, or transmit any part of this document in either electronic means or in printed format. Recording of this publication is strictly prohibited and any storage of this document is not allowed unless with written permission from the publisher. All rights reserved.

The information provided herein is stated to be truthful and consistent, in that any liability, in terms of inattention or otherwise, by any usage or abuse of any policies, processes, or directions contained within is the solitary and utter responsibility of the recipient reader. Under no circumstances will any legal responsibility or blame be held against the publisher for any reparation, damages, or monetary loss due to the information herein, either directly or indirectly.

The information herein is offered for informational purposes solely, and is universal as so. The presentation of the information is without contract or any type of guarantee assurance.

Created with Vellum

Introduction: Personal Notes from the Author

If you picked up this book, and you’re reading it attentively now, that means one thing: critical thinking is a problem for you, and you want to get better at it.

Don’t feel alone in this — critical thinking is a problem for a lot of people! There are a number of reasons for that, and we’ll discuss some of them in the first chapter. Throughout this book, we’ll go over some scenarios that may sound very familiar to you; or, if you haven’t actually gone through them yourself, you can heavily identify with them.

I’ve written it that way on purpose, to reinforce the fact that none of us are automatically “beyond” having to work on our critical thinking. This type of thought is tied in with our drive, motivation, and even our self-worth. And all of us are prone to difficulties with those three aspects.

I can say this with complete confidence, too, because I have first-hand experience. I am well-known among my friends and colleagues for being a goal-driven, motivated person — but I definitely was not always that way!

So how did I make that change? And how can you do the same?

And, you may be wondering, is it even really possible for you to become someone who is able to think critically and act dynamically?

The answer to that question is yes! Everyone can become this type of person, if they have the true desire to do so. Critical thinking is just like any other skill — it can be taught.

What can’t be taught, however, is internal motivation.

No one can be motivated for you. No one can force you to read this book, or to follow the steps I outline throughout, or to take the central message to heart. No one can make you like to make decisions, no one can make you look forward to a chance to reach a goal. All of that must come from within, and your drive is a vital part of making your life a success.

If you have that motivation, though, nothing can stop you!

One of the main ways that I empower myself to set and achieve goals is by asking myself questions about the process — and throughout the process. So let’s set up a few questions for you to consider right now.

What is my ultimate goal regarding critical thinking?In what areas of my life would I like to exercise these skills?What changes do I think will happen once I learn critical thinking? What do I hope will happen?

As we go through this book, we will see how critical thinking can make a true difference in all areas of your life. But I want you to meditate on which areas you particularly want to work on, because that is part of setting a specific goal. And as you work on that goal and gradually achieve it, it will empower you to continue in honing your critical thinking faculties.

As a bonus, reaching those goals will even further increase your drive and motivation to continue! It’s a win-win!

I started this out by saying that the fact that you’re reading this book means one thing — but it really means another thing, too. Not only does it mean that you want to improve your critical thinking skills, it means that you recognize action is needed in order to do so, and you are willing to take that action. Opening this book was the first step on the journey. It was the first decision you made to help yourself become a better, more dynamic you!

So set your goals clearly in front of you, and get ready to reach them!

Chapter 1

You Vs. Your Brain — What Happens When You Lack Critical Thinking Skills

Have you ever taken the time to reflect on just how critical “critical thinking” is?

That might seem like a silly question. After all, the ability to process information and make educated judgements on that basis is a fundamental function of our brains. We might not think about it any more than we think about the ability to walk in a straight line, or tie our shoelaces, or smile back when someone smiles at us.

That is, we might not think about that skill until we suddenly realize that we don’t actually have it.

Perhaps you always thought that you were able to think critically and make good judgements. Perhaps you never questioned it. But let’s take a moment to look at some possible scenarios that actually betray a lack of critical thinking. After that, we’ll look at how critical thinking plays a part in making those scenarios into successes.

Let’s start with the first section. We’ll call these the “disaster scenarios,” not because there’s an actual disaster involved, but because a lack of critical thinking can cause things to end badly.

Scenario one: You are a voter, and see an advertisement slamming one candidate and praising another. Without choosing to do any more research into the issue, you vote for the praised candidate, assuming that the other is guilty of what they are accused of.

Scenario two: You are a nurse, and working in an emergency room. There are six patients, and you keep them in the order in which they came in, even though some have more serious injuries.

Scenario three: You are a manager in a clothing store, and it is time to promote a new assistant manager. You promote the employee who has been working at the store the longest, without looking at qualifications, skills, or merit.

These are pretty blunt scenarios, and you may think, “Well, I would never be in those situations and do that!” But think back on your life. Have you ever come across a situation where someone chooses to do something without taking all the facts into account? We’ve all seen it happen, to ourselves or to others.

The likelihood is that there was a lack of critical thinking involved.

So let’s take a look at critical thinking scenarios in which these skills are actually applied. We’ll call these execution scenarios, because critical thinking is used and action is followed.

Scenario one: You are a voter, and see an advertisement slamming one candidate and praising another. You do your research, and find that the first candidate is likely not actually guilty of what she has been accused of. The second candidate is capitalizing on one-sided media stories and assumptions. You take into account more facts about both of them, and end up deciding to vote for a third party, who seems more honest and straightforward about their values.

Scenario two: You are a nurse, and working in an emergency room. There are six patients, and you triage each of them to determine whether certain ones need more immediate attention. You are able to rush the serious cases through the registration process so they can be treated quickly.

Scenario three: You are a manager in a clothing store, and it is time to promote a new assistant manager. There are two possibilities: one has been working there for a longer time, but the other shows more promise and has taken the initiative to take more responsibility in their job. On top of that, they are demonstrably more skilled at managing their time, and are team players. You choose to promote the more skilled employee, based on their abilities and work ethic, since this makes them better suited for the job.

Again, these three scenarios are obviously very diverse. It’s unlikely that someone would find themselves in all three scenarios — but the circumstances to fit in the lives of many individuals. In the execution scenarios, in which the individual was able to take worthwhile action based on critical thinking, it’s easy to see that better results would occur.

But how would you actually define critical thinking? Let’s put it in a nutshell, and make sure it’s clear for future reference.

Critical thinking is the ability to consider a situation objectively, analyze the circumstances, understand how they connect and what the outcome will likely be, and take appropriate action. It also involves making judgements based on the information that you have.

Obviously, this means that there are multiple steps to critical thinking; it isn’t just considering the problem, it’s moving forward with a solution. That’s why critical thinking is an integral part of both setting goals and achieving them.

Critical thinking allows you to make decisions more easily, as well, because you can “connect the dots,” and see where each possibility might lead you.

I always like to say that skills like critical thinking have an application in any part of our life. And I do believe that to be true. But just for the purposes of making sure this is detailed and specific, and to allow you to take this information in on a personal level, let’s take a look at what areas specifically can be helped by developing critical thinking, and how.