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Copyright © Nikki Tate 2020
Published in Canada and the United States in 2020 by Orca Book Publishers.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval system now known or to be invented, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Library and Archives Canada Cataloguing in Publication
Title: If a tree falls: the global impact of deforestation / Nikki Tate.
Names: Tate, Nikki, 1962– author.
Series: Orca footprints.
Description: Series statement: Orca footprints | Includes bibliographical references and index.
Identifiers: Canadiana (print) 20200186213 | Canadiana (ebook) 2020018623X | isbn 9781459823556 (hardcover) | isbn 9781459823563 (pdf) | isbn 9781459823570 (epub)
Subjects: lcsh: Deforestation—Juvenile literature. | lcsh: Deforestation—Environmental aspects—Juvenile literature. | lcsh: Forests and forestry—Juvenile literature. | lcsh: Forests and forestry—Environmental aspects—Juvenile literature. | lcsh: Clearing of land—Juvenile literature. | lcsh: Clearing of land—Environmental aspects—Juvenile literature. | lcsh: Forest conservation—Juvenile literature.
Classification: lccsd418 .t38 2020 | ddc j333.75/137—dc23
Library of Congress Control Number: 2020931819
Summary: Part of the nonfiction Orca Footprints series for middle readers and illustrated with color photographs. Find out how global deforestation affects the planet and what you can do to keep forests healthy for future generations.
Orca Book Publishers is committed to reducing the consumption of nonrenewable resources in the making of our books. We make every effort to use materials that support a sustainable future.
Orca Book Publishers gratefully acknowledges the support for its publishing programs provided by the following agencies: the Government of Canada, the Canada Council for the Arts and the Province of British Columbia through the BC Arts Council and the Book Publishing Tax Credit.
The authors and publisher have made every effort to ensure that the information in this book was correct at the time of publication. The authors and publisher do not assume any liability for any loss, damage, or disruption caused by errors or omissions. Every effort has been made to trace copyright holders and to obtain their permission for the use of copyrighted material. The publisher apologizes for any errors or omissions and would be grateful if notified of any corrections that should be incorporated in future reprints or editions of this book.
Design by Teresa Bubela
Layout by Dahlia Yuen
Front cover images by Mint Images/Getty Images and Hero Images/Getty Images
Back cover image by Somrerk Witthayanant/Shutterstock.com
Title page images by freepik.com and Julia Korchevska/Shutterstock.com
Author photo by Nigel Francis
Printed and bound in China.
23 22 21 20 • 1 2 3 4
For Sarah Harvey, who has planted more seeds than she knows.
My neighborhood in the Rocky Mountains would not be the same without the forests carpeting the lower flanks of the mountains. Alex Williams/Unsplash.com
Chapter One: You Call That a Forest?
What Is a Forest?
Adding up the Costs
Types of Forests
Rainforests of the World
Top to Bottom
One Tree, Two Trees
How Old Is That Forest?
Time for a Checkup!
How Much Carbon Is Stored in Forests?
Why Do Forests Matter?
Chapter Two: How We Harvest Trees
Have We Ever Been Kind to Our Forests?
The Industrial Era
A Growing Appetite
Common Logging Methods
The Modern Forest Industry
Forests for Rent
Not Just Falling Trees
The Need for Speed
Chapter Three: Forests of Today
Forests, Food and Farming
Palm Oil Plantations
Where Do Your Cookies Come From?
The Amazon Basin
Rainforests in the Congo Basin
The World’s Hunger for Paper
The Power of Trees
Chapter Four: Trees for the Future
Standing Tall for Trees
The Great Green Wall
What Governments Can Do
Introducing Exotic Species
Changes in Behavior Begin with Changes in Attitude
What Is Ecotourism?
What Is Agroforestry?
Shh! Trees at Work!
New Food Sources
Build Up, Not Out
Cloning for the Future
Table of Contents
Orca Book Publishers is proud of the hard work our authors do and of the important stories they create. If you are reading this book and did not purchase it or did not check it out from a library provider, then the author has not received royalties for this book. The ebook you are reading is licensed for single use only and may not be copied, printed, resold or given away. If you are interested in using this book in a classroom setting, we have digital subscriptions with multi user, simultaneous access to our books, or classroom licenses available for purchase. For more information, please contact [email protected]
Many people (including me) feel a deep fondness for trees. There is something special about spending time in a forest. CGN089/Shutterstock.com
Nearly 20 years ago I stood with a group of women in front of British Columbia’s Parliament Buildings. As members of Women of the Woods, we were protesting our government’s decision to cut down old-growth forests and export raw logs.
I was so concerned about what was going on in the forests close to my home that I wrote a novel called Trouble on Tarragon Island, about the struggle between the environmentalists who want to save trees and the logging industry that wants to cut them down.
The idea that we often make decisions based on how some people might benefit in the short term rather than on what’s good for the planet and future generations has never made much sense to me.
Years later, when I was researching Deep Roots: How Trees Sustain Our Planet, I was reminded of just how much I love and appreciate trees. In that book I focused on different types of trees and what fascinating living beings they are.
TREE TRIVIA: A dendrophile is someone who loves trees and forests.
I use products derived from forests every day, but the sight of a sea of stumps where a forest once stood makes my heart ache. Aurimasm/Dreamstime.com
Even though I love trees, I use the products they provide all the time. I’m working at a wooden desk in a house built of wood. There’s nothing better than sitting in front of a fire when a blizzard howls outside. The book you are reading is printed on paper.
Though there has been progress when it comes to protecting the ancient forestland we have left, we are still figuring out the best ways to look after our forests while at the same time reaping the benefits trees provide.
In If a Tree Falls we will examine what makes forests such special and valuable ecosystems and why they are under threat. We’ll also explore how people around the world are working together to make sure future generations can continue to enjoy the many ways forests help us live better lives.
One of my favorite places to visit is Cathedral Grove on Vancouver Island. Young trees grow up through the fallen trunks of Douglas fir trees. Nikki Tate
Mangrove roots on the Aru Islands of Indonesia help prevent erosion. Bidouze/Dreamstime.com
Unless you live in a desert or so far north that there are no trees at all, you have probably visited a forest, because trees grow in most parts of the world.
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Mikka liest das Leben...
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