The Impact of Foreign Direct Investment and Export on Gross Domestic Products in Developing Countries - Antoine Niyungeko - E-Book

The Impact of Foreign Direct Investment and Export on Gross Domestic Products in Developing Countries E-Book

Antoine Niyungeko

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Scientific Study from the year 2020 in the subject Business economics - Investment and Finance, , language: English, abstract: This paper aims to investigate the relationship between foreign direct investment (FDI), export (EXP) and gross domestic product (GDP). The impact of interaction between EXP and FDI on GDP was also examined. For this purpose, quantitative approach was adopted. Secondary data for 49 countries whose gross national income per capita was less than 6 000 $ were collected. Spearman correlation, robust regression and causal mediation analysis were performed. Spearman correlation showed very strong correlation among GDP-FDI-EXP. Robust regression indicated that all regression coefficients are statistically significant indicating a positive moderation effect of the interaction between EXP and FDI on GDP. Causal mediation effect indicated that average causal mediated effect is statistically significant while average direct effect is not statistically significant, indicating full mediation. The effect of FDI on GDP is transmitted to GDP through increasing EXP. The effect of the interaction of FDI and GDI was found statistically significant. The results are consistent with empirical studies and existing theories.

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