CDL Exam Prep 2020-2021 - Jerry Johnson - E-Book

CDL Exam Prep 2020-2021 E-Book

Jerry Johnson

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Beschreibung

How to Become a Commercial Truck Driver in Less Than a Week, Even If You Haven´t Studied in Years

You’re heading to the office for another day that is inexplicably both mind-numbing and stressful. But the repetitive administrative work, unreasonable deadlines, and aggressive office politics easily explain this dreadful dynamic. Sigh…

Perhaps not so surprisingly, your long drive into work is now a highlight of your day. You pass through some spectacular nature and experience the serenity that comes from being alone with your thoughts. Not to mention, you are a top-notch DJ spinning the best mixes the world has ever heard.

The problem isn’t simply this company. You’ve had other jobs in this role and industry, and it always ends up being the same.

You are so ready for a change, but you have no idea what else there is. After all, this is what you learned and have the resume for. Office jobs seem like your destiny for life.

That’s when you catch a clip-on MSN-Money about corporate supply chains and logistics. One of the biggest bottlenecks is increasingly coming from a shortfall in truck drivers. With autonomous trucks still years away from being able to operate independently, truck drivers are in critical short supply.

Commercial Driver Demand:

  • Growth: 5% per year
  • Current drivers (average age): 55
  • Shortfall by 2026: 175,000
Truck driver? You’ve never really thought about it, but the money is good, and the lifestyle is definitely a nice change from the ordinary.
A CDL (Commercial Driver’s License) enables you to transport cargo and passengers in all sorts of vehicles, be they tractor-trailer, tanker trucks, or buses.

And it doesn’t take long to get certified and working. You only need to pass two tests, one written and the other behind the wheel.
A big part of your training can be on your own, learning the legal and technical details particular to driving a commercial vehicle. If you really push yourself, you can process this material in under a week to pass the exam.

Here’s a selected sample of what you’ll discover in CDL Study Guide:
  • Checklist to see if commercial driving is for you
  • Everything you need to pass the exams
  • The biggest safety risk unique to commercial driving
  • Coverage of every type of commercial vehicle you need to know
  • Comprehensive safety, inspection, and maintenance procedures
  • The one thing drivers overlook when inspecting cargo that wastes more time than anything else
  • The biggest reasons candidates fail their tests
And much more.

A lot of people might never consider commercial truck driver as a profession. Frankly, it’s outside most people’s day-to-day experience. But if you like driving, making the switch to a commercial vehicle is a piece of cake.

And even better, you can pass the licensing exams in a matter of weeks.

If you want to get into an exciting new career and pass the licensing exams quickly, then you need this book today!

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CDL Exam Prep 2020-2021

A CDL Study Guide with Practice Questions and Answers for the Commercial Driver's License Exam (Test Preparation Book)

Jerry Johnson

© Copyright 2019 - All rights reserved.

The content contained within this book may not be reproduced, duplicated or transmitted without direct written permission from the author or the publisher.

Under no circumstances will any blame or legal responsibility be held against the publisher, or author, for any damages, reparation, or monetary loss due to the information contained within this book. Either directly or indirectly.

Legal Notice:

This book is copyright protected. This book is only for personal use. You cannot amend, distribute, sell, use, quote or paraphrase any part, or the content within this book, without the consent of the author or publisher.

Disclaimer Notice:

Please note the information contained within this document is for educational and entertainment purposes only. All effort has been executed to present accurate, up to date, and reliable, complete information. No warranties of any kind are declared or implied. Readers acknowledge that the author is not engaging in the rendering of legal, financial, medical or professional advice. The content within this book has been derived from various sources. Please consult a licensed professional before attempting any techniques outlined in this book.

By reading this document, the reader agrees that under no circumstances is the author responsible for any losses, direct or indirect, which are incurred as a result of the use of the information contained within this document, including, but not limited to, — errors, omissions, or inaccuracies.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Chapter 1: General Information

Getting Your CDL

Vision Standards

What Is a Commercial Motor Vehicle?

Who Are Commercial Drivers?

CDL Age Requirements

CDL Instruction Permit

CDL Classifications

CDL Endorsements

CDL Restrictions

Moving Violations

Chapter 2: Steps in Getting Your CDL

Apply for a License

Get Your Learner's Permit

Get Your Full License

Chapter 3: Taking the CDL Tests

Test Tip

Disqualifications

Serious Violations

How to Study for the CDL Written Test

How to Study for the CDL Driving Test?

Chapter 4: General Knowledge

Vehicle Inspection

The Seven-Step Pre-Trip Inspection Method

Inspection During the Trip

Other Safety Precautions

Important Definitions

Medical Requirements

Exemption

Chapter 5: Transporting Cargo Safely

Inspecting Cargo

Weight and Balance

Legal Weight Limits

Securing Cargo

Cargo Needing Special Attention

Chapter 6: Transporting Passengers

Pre-Trip Inspection

Loading and Trip Start

On The Road

After-trip Vehicle Inspection

Prohibited Practices

Brake-Door Interlocks

Chapter 7: Air Brakes

Parts of an Air Brakes System

Dual Air Brake Systems

Inspecting the Air Brakes

Operating the Air Brakes

Low-Pressure Warning System

Parts of the Low-Pressure Warning System

Air Brake Check

Pump Down Tests

Pump Up Tests

ABS (Anti-lock Braking System)

Further Considerations

Chapter 8: Combination Vehicles

Major Safety Concerns

Rollover Risk

Braking

Railroad Tracks

Skids

Turn Wide

Backing Up

Brief information of the "Air Brakes Test" Study Guide

Hose Couplers (Glad Hands)

Trailer Hand Valve

Trailer Air Lines

Shut-off Valves

Coupling and Uncoupling

Coupling

Uncoupling

Combination Vehicle Care

Chapter 9: Tanker

Do You Need A Tankers Endorsement?

Inspection

High Center of Gravity and Rollover Risk

Chapter 10: Doubles & triples

General Information

Definitions

Coupling and Uncoupling

Double Trailers

Triple Trailers

Chapter 11: Passenger bus

Who Needs A Passenger Endorsement?

Additional Restrictions

Vehicle Inspection

Inspect the Interior

Safety

Hazardous Material (HazMat)

HazMat That Can Be Transported by Bus or Van

Materials That Can Never Be Transported by Bus or Van

Materials That Can Sometimes Be Transported by Bus or Van

Transporting Medical Oxygen

Other Transportation Concerns

Care of Passengers

Required Stopping

“Post-Trip” Inspection

Prohibited

Chapter 12: Hazardous Materials

Who Needs a HazMat Endorsement?

Is My HazMat Endorsement Valid Everywhere?

Why Bother?

Background Information

Federal Regulations versus State Law

HazMat Test Preparation Lessons

Lesson 1: Introduction

Lesson 2: Intent of Regulations and Who Does What

Lesson 3: Communication Rules

Lesson 4: Loading and Unloading

Lesson 5: Bulk Packaging, Marking, Loading, and Unloading

Lesson 6: Driving and Parking Rules

Lesson 7: Emergencies

Lesson 8: Glossary

Chapter 13: DMV Driving Test: Vehicle Inspection Test, Basic Control Skills Test, and Road Test

Eligibility Status:

About the Test

How To Pass The Test

General Advice

The Truck Inspection Test

Step-by-Step process

The Three Divisions for Inspection

Tips for taking the test

Basic Controls Skills Test

The Road Test

General Test-taking Tips

Mock Tests

Time Allowed

General Knowledge

Air Brakes Test

Combination Vehicles Test

Tanker Vehicles Test

Doubles/Triples Test

Passenger Transport Test

Hazardous Materials Test

The Driving Test

Answer Key

Conclusion

Introduction

Commercial driving is full of potentials. You are bound to enjoy commercial driving as an interesting and rewarding career provided you can adhere strictly to the rules and regulations enshrined in the federal and state laws and can survive the bureaucratic bottlenecks.

A lot of opportunities abound for commercial driver's license (CDL) holders, one of which is the benefit of meeting people from various walks of life. As a commercial driver, you have the choice to work in isolation or in a people-friendly role such as local bus driving.

The Commercial Driver's License (CDL) test comprises a written knowledge test – which is the first part, then a skilled test. The knowledge test is further divided into seven parts. One part is on general knowledge, while five parts are centered on specific endorsements. The remaining one is about Air Brakes.

Each of the knowledge tests is awarded a separate score. Most drivers do not take all; they take only three or four. The type of tests you must take is subject to the kind of commercial vehicle you want to drive. However, the tests must be taken in your state of residence. Each state has its peculiar regulations, especially pertaining to the transport of harmful substances. Never forget to check the CDL manual of your state for confirmation of the various regulations.

Note that all the questions are multiple-choice, with three/four choices per question. Each candidate takes the skills test in the presence of an examiner. The skilled test comprises three different parts. The first is the vehicle inspection test which screens your ability to determine whether or not a truck is safe to drive. The second is basic control skills test that examines your capability to park turn and back up the vehicle. The last is a road test that examines your ability to drive a vehicle safely on the road.

Chapter 1: General Information

Before you can be issued a Commercial Driver's License in most states, you are required to answer questions in a multiple-choice format. This involves picking the best answer to one question from a series of options. There are usually three options to choose from.

Some states have other state laws that are specific to that state. You are required to confirm if these laws are applicable to your state; if it is, it is important that you visit the closest Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) office to you to get a copy of the State Handbook and properly read and understand it.

Getting Your CDL

A proof of residency, identification and social security number is required when applying for a Commercial Driver's License. You would also be required to present your latest certificate of health gotten from a certified medical personnel.

Another important document that you have to present is a proof that you have successfully completed a CDL driver education course that is approved by the Department of Education or DMV; otherwise, you must be a certified holder of a Commercial Driver's License instruction permit for at least one month.

You can present your driver's license as a form of identification that shows your area of residence and social security number if you have one. However, if you do not own a driver's license, you are required to present other documents which include:

One proof of residency, like a voter registration card, a tax return issued by the state or the U.S, IRRSW-2 form, and a check stub or patrol check. Your name and your main residential address the exact way it is written in the application you are submitting.

Two documents that are a form of identification like a birth certificate, instruction permit, driver's license, a valid U.S. military discharge papers or a military identification card, or a photo identification card issued by the government. Photocopies are unacceptable so all these documents must be in the original format.

One document showing your social security number like a valid U.S. Military identification card, social security card, check stub or payroll check, income tax return from the last year, IRS-W2 form, or your social security card. Original documents are the only acceptable document. A control number would be provided by the DMV if you do not want your social security number to appear on your CDL.

You are required to present your latest certificate of health issued by a certified medical personnel, this is necessary to fulfill the Federal or State Motor Carrier Safety Rules. The medical forms can be gotten from all DMV offices.

It is compulsory for every driver to provide an attestation as to whether or not they are working in accordance with the State or Federal carrier safety rules. For comprehensive details on the safety requirements, check the Code of Federal Regulations.

Vision Standards

To be authorized as a commercial motor vehicle operator, it is necessary that your vision is:

140 degrees or higher horizontal vision

At least, a 20/40 vision in both eyes.

These standards must be fulfilled without using a telescopic lens. However, some drivers might be exempted from these visual standards.

What Is a Commercial Motor Vehicle?

•  Vehicles that can accommodate at least 16 passengers, with the inclusion of the driver.

•  One vehicle that has a GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) of at least 26,001 pounds.

•  A vehicle that carries dangerous materials that makes it necessary to obtain a federal placard, irrespective of the weight of the vehicle.

•  A towed vehicle(s) that has a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of at least 1,000 pounds; or an assemblage of vehicles with a combined GVWR (gross vehicle weight rating) of at least 26,001 pounds.

Who Are Commercial Drivers?

These groups of vehicle operators are exempted from the requirements for a CDL:

Farmers who drive vehicles on the farm, which are only used to move machineries, supplies, or farm goods within 150 miles of the farm.

Firefighters and other people who drive emergency vehicles.

Individuals who drive vehicles for personal use like rental moving vans and recreational vehicles.

Military personnel on duty who are driving military vehicles.

Commercial drivers who have more than one license are considered to be breaking the law. It is important that you return any license that has been issued by another state and you use only the license issued by your present state of residence. The penalty for failing to return this license is a jail term for about three months, or a fine of $5,000, and in some cases both.

CDL Age Requirements

To hold a Commercial Driver's License, you must be 18 years old or more. Federal laws stipulate that a commercial driver should not be younger than 21 years old to be authorized to transport interstate freight (such as mail), operate across state lines, and transport dangerous materials within the state.

CDL Instruction Permit

Obtaining a Commercial Driver's License instruction permit is imperative if you would like to learn how to operate a commercial motor vehicle. It is important for you to pass a general knowledge examination on CDL, or any other relevant examination pertaining to the vehicle you would be operating. For instance, to learn how to operate a school bus, you would be required to write the school bus examination, the passenger vehicle examination, and also the general knowledge on CDL examination. Also, you are required to write the general knowledge examination, a passenger vehicle examination, and the tank vehicle examination if you want to learn how to operate a passenger bus or a tank vehicle.

Having a CDL instruction permit allows you to exclusively operate only the make and class of the commercial vehicle that is displayed on the permit. You must hold the CDL instruction permit for at least one month, or be required to provide a proof that you have completed the CDTS successfully.

CDL Classifications

It is important that you obtain a CDL for the class of vehicles you want to drive. You might also require some other certifications

Class A includes any towed vehicle(s) with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of at least 1,000 pounds; or an assemblage of vehicles with a combined GVWR (gross vehicle weight rating) of at least 26,001 pounds. Class A vehicles include:

Truck and trailer combinations

Tractor-trailer buses

Tractor-trailer

Being a certified class A license holder in addition to having other necessary authorizations affords you the opportunity to drive Class B and C vehicles.

Class B includes vehicles with a GVWR of at least 26,001 towing a second vehicle with a maximum GVWR of 10,000 pounds. A Class B vehicle could also be just one vehicle that has a GVWR of at least 26,0001. Vehicles in this class are:

Segmented buses

Large buses

Trucks towing vehicles with a GVWR of 10,000 pounds or less.

Straight trucks

Being a certified Class A license holder in addition to having other necessary authorizations affords you the opportunity to drive Class C vehicles.

Class C vehicles are other vehicles that do not belong to Class A or Class B that can transport at least 16 passengers with the inclusion of the driver, or are designed to transport hazardous materials.

It is important to note that a vehicle class depends on the production design and GVWR (gross vehicle weight rating) of the vehicle. The type of authorization and Commercial Driver’s License that you require depends on the class of the vehicle. Even if you operate a refurbished or redesigned vehicle, the necessary authorizations and CDL type is still dependent on the original class of the vehicle and not the present class of the refurbished vehicle.

CDL Endorsements

The additional authorizations which may be required include:

H- You are authorized to operate a vehicle carrying toxic materials.

N- You are authorized to operate a tank vehicle.

P- You are authorized to operate a vehicle transporting passengers.

S- You are authorized to operate a school bus. 

T- You are authorized to operate a triple or double trailer.

CDL Restrictions

J- You are only allowed to drive an activity/school bus. Other types of commercial motor vehicles are not permitted. Failure to pay your CCDL fees activates this restriction.

K- Driving a vehicle with air brakes is not permitted. It is compulsory that you write the air brakes knowledge exam if you want to drive a vehicle that has air brakes.

Y- Wearing a corrective lens is mandatory if you are driving a commercial vehicle.

Moving Violations 

Being served with at least 2 moving violations within the 5-year validity period of your CDL, whether you are operating a commercial or private motor vehicle, means that you must re-write all the exams pertaining to your Commercial Driver’s License.

The required road skills tests for each CDL CMV class are listed below.

Required Skills Road Tests for Class A

General Commercial Class A

Combination

Airbrakes

Required Skills Road Tests for Class A endorsements

T - Double/Triple Trailers

P - Passenger

S - School Bus

Required Skills Road Tests for Class B

General Commercial Class B

Airbrakes

Required Skills Road Tests for Class B endorsements

P - Passenger

S - School Bus

Required Skills Road Tests for Class C

General Commercial Class C

Required Skills Road Tests for Class C endorsements

P - Passenger

S - School Bus

Endorsements for Hazardous Materials (H) and Tank (T) do not require a Skills Road Test. Endorsements for H, T, and X (Hazardous Material and Tank) may not be obtained prior to the issuance of the appropriate CDL (Class A, B or C). Endorsement (S) will not be displayed on the CDL learner’s permit.

Chapter 2: Steps in Getting Your CDL

It is imperative for you to obtain a Commercial Driver’s License (CDL) if you plan to operate a Commercial Motor Vehicle anywhere in the United States.  First, you have to contact the State’s Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) closest to you. There are minor variations in the process and requirements for every State. Most times, before you would be granted a CDL, you would be required to submit a written application, hold on to a learner’s permit for a stipulated time and, pass an examination that would assess your skills.

Apply for a License

Confirm the requirements for qualification in your State of residence. There are specific medical, age, and residency requirements that are required for each State before the issuance of a CDL. If you would be driving across state lines, you must not be younger than 18 years, or 21 years in some other States.

Before you can be qualified to apply for a Commercial Driver’s License, some States require that you must have lived in that state for many months.

If you do not plan on driving across State lines, as long as you are an employee of a truck or transportation company that handles interstate commerce, you must not be younger than 21 years old.

Select your preferred vehicle type. There are 3 separate CDL classes. The particular type of work you would be doing determines the additional authorizations and certifications that you would be required to get. The content of your examination and the price of your CDL depends on the authorization and class that you require.

When there is an available job for you, the specific authorization and CDL class you require would be provided by your employer.

Own a copy of the CDL manual specific to your State. The CDL manual of each State is available at the local DMV office; you can get a copy there. Digital versions of the manual can also be downloaded on the website of some States.