Processing and Properties of Advanced Ceramics and Composites VII -  - E-Book

Processing and Properties of Advanced Ceramics and Composites VII E-Book

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This volume contains 40 papers from the following 10 Materials Science and Technology (MS&T'14) symposia: * Rustum Roy Memorial Symposium: Processing and Performance of Materials Using Microwaves, Electric and Magnetic Fields, Ultrasound, Lasers, and Mechanical Work * Advances in Dielectric Materials and Electronic Devices * Innovative Processing and Synthesis of Ceramics, Glasses and Composites * Advances in Ceramic Matrix Composites * Sintering and Related Powder Processing Science and Technology * Advanced Materials for Harsh Environments * Thermal Protection Materials and Systems * Advanced Solution Based Processing for Ceramic Materials * Controlled Synthesis, Processing, and Applications of Structure and Functional Nanomaterials * Surface Protection for Enhanced Materials Performance

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Processing and Properties of Advanced Ceramics and Composites VII

Ceramic Transactions, Volume 252

Edited byMorsi M. MahmoudAmar BhallaNarottam P. BansalJ.P.SinghRichardo H.R. CastroNavin Jose Manjooran Gary Pickrell Sylvia JohnsonGeoff Brennecka Gurpreet SinghDongming Zhu

Copyright © 2015 by The American Ceramic Society. All rights reserved.

Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey. Published simultaneously in Canada.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning, or otherwise, except as permitted under Section 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, Inc., 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, (978) 750-8400, fax (978) 750-4470, or on the web at www.copyright.com. Requests to the Publisher for permission should be addressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030, (201) 748-6011, fax (201) 748-6008, or online at http://www.wiley.com/go/permission.

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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data is available.

ISBN: 978-1-119-18387-7 ISSN: 1042-1122

Contents

PREFACE

PROCESSING AND PERFORMANCE OF MATERIALS USING MICROWAVES, ELECTRIC AND MAGNETIC FIELDS

SINGLE-MODE MICROWAVE SINTERING OF Er:Al

2

O

3

INTRODUCTION

EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS

REFERENCES

A STUDY OF HIGH TEMPERATURE REFRACTORY INSULATION FOR USE IN CERAMIC AND MICROWAVE METAL HEATING

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

MATERIALS AND METHODS

EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

SCALE-UP CONSIDERATIONS

CONCLUSIONS

REFERENCES

DISCLAIMER

COPYRIGHT NOTICE

ADVANCING COMPOSITES IN AUTOMOTIVE BY ELECTROMAGNETIC PROCESSING

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

CARBON FIBRES VERSUS ALUMINUM AND STEEL

AUTOMOTIVE PRODUCTION

NEW ELECTROMAGNETIC TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADVANCED COMPOSITES

CONCLUSIONS

REFERENCES

SYNTHESIS OF COPPER SPINELS BY MICROWAVE IRRADIATION

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

CONCLUSIONS

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

REFERENCES

ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF MULTI-TIP OPEN-ENDED COAXIAL PROBE FOR VERY HIGH TEMPERATURE DIELECTRIC MEASUREMENTS

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

MATERIALS AND METHODS

CONCLUSIONS

REFERENCES

DISCLAIMER

COPYRIGHT NOTICE

MAGNETIC PROCESSING OF LEAD FREE SOLDER SYSTEMS

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

MAGNETIC PROCESSING

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

CONCLUSIONS

REFERENCES

DISCLAIMER

COPYRIGHT NOTICE

MICROWAVE ULTRA-RAPID SINTERING OF OXIDE CERAMICS

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

EXPERIMENTAL

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

CONCLUSIONS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

REFERENCES

THERMAL AND NON-THERMAL PHENOMENA IN MICROWAVE PROCESSING

ABSTRACT

1. INTRODUCTION

3. SUMMARY

4. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

REFERENCE

DIELECTRIC MATERIALS AND ELECTRONIC DEVICES

LOW TEMPERATURES DIELECTRIC ANOMALY IN BiFeO

3

-BASED MULTIFERROIC CERAMICS

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

CONCLUSIONS

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

REFERENCES

QUANTIFICATION OF PRIMARY & SECONDARY CONTRIBUTION ON MAGNETOELECTRIC EFFECT OF NiFe

2

O

4

/ Pb(Zr

0.52

Ti

0.48

)O

3

/ NiFe

2

O

4

TRI-LAYERED COMPOSITE.

INTRODUCTION

SAMPLE SPECIFICATION

METHOD OF MEASUREMENT

RESULTS & ANALYSIS

CONCLUSIONS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

REFERENCES

DIELECTRIC AND ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES OF UNDOPED AND Fe-DOPED YTTRIUM COPPER TITANATE

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

MATERIALS AND METHODOLOGY

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

CONCLUSION

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

REFERENCE

ANALYSIS OF BIREFRINGENCE BEHAVIOR IN THE DETERMINATION OF THE CHARACTERISTICS TEMPERATURES OF TRANSPARENT FERROELECTRIC RELAXOR CERAMIC SYSTEMS

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE

RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS

CONCLUSIONS

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

REFERENCES

MAGNETIC SENSORS BASED ON TUNED VARISTORS OF ILMENITE-HEMATITE, IHC45, OXIDE SEMICONDUCTOR

ABSTRACT

I. INTRODUCTION

II. RELEVANT PROPERTIES OF IHC 45 SUBSTRATE MATERIAL

III. SAMPLE PROCESSING

IV. DEVICES, PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS

CONCLUSIONS

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

REFERENCES

STRUCTURAL, MICROSTRUCTURAL AND DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES OF TRI-LAYERED AURIVILLIUS-TYPE STRUCTURE Bi

4

Ti

3

O12 FERROELECTRIC CERAMICS

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

CONCLUSIONS

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

REFERENCES

DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS OF NANOCRYSTALLINE DIAMOND THIN FILMS

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES OF DIAMOND THIN FILMS

DIAMOND THIN FILMS FOR HIGH TEMPERATURE ELECTRONICS

DIAMOND THIN FILMS FOR THERMAL MANAGEMENT OF POWER ELECTRONICS

NANODIAMOND FOR CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL SENSING

NANODIAMOND FOR BIOLOGICAL IMAGING APPLICATIONS

CONCLUSIONS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

REFERENCES

MOUNTING OF MULTI-PIN BARE CHIPS WITH BALL PINS ON A FLEXIBLE POLYIMIDE BOARD

ABSTRACT

DISCUSSION

REFERENCES

ADVANCES IN COMPOSITES

NUMERICAL STUDIES OF INFILTRATION DYNAMICS OF LIQUID- COPPER AND TITANIUM/SOLID- CARBON SYSTEM

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

NUMERICAL PROCEDURE

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

CONCLUSIONS

REFERENCES

REACTIVE MELT INFILTRATION OF BORON CONTAINING FIBER REINFORCED PREFORMS FORMING A ZRB2 MATRIX

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

STATE OF THE ART

MANUFACTURING AND EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE

RESULTS

DISCUSSION

CONCLUSIONS

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

REFERENCES

STRUCTURAL CLAY

ANALYSIS OF MORPHOLOGIC AND THERMIC BEHAVIOR OF MINERALS FROM THE MUNICIPALITY OF CAMPOS DOS GOYTACAZES

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

MATERIALS AND METHODS

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

CONCLUSION

REFERENCES

CHARACTERIZATION OF THE CLAY USED IN MANUFACTURING STRUCTURAL CLAY BRICK

ABSTRACT

1. INTRODUCTION

2. MATERIALS AND METHODS

3. RESULTS AND COMMENTS

4. CONCLUSIONS

5. REFERENCES

INNOVATIVE PROCESSING

DENSIFICATION OF SHS OBTAINED Ti

2

AlC ACTIVE PRECURSOR POWDER BY HOT PRESSING METHOD

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

PREPARATION

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

CONCLUSION

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

REFERENCES

NUMERICAL STUDIES OF WETTING AND INTERFACIAL PHENOMENA IN LIQUID-COPPER ALLOY/SOLID-CARBON AND TITANIUM CARBIDE SYSTEMS

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

THERMODYNAMICS OF TIC FORMATIONS

REACTIVE WETTING

CONCLUSIONS

REFERENCES

PROPERTIES OF POROUS SILICON CARBIDE CERAMICS PREPARED BY SOFT TEMPLATING APPROACH

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

EXPERIMENTAL SECTION

CHARACTERISATION

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

CONCLUSION

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

REFERENCES

LOW-TEMPERATURE SYNTHESIS METHOD OF ALUMINUM NITRIDE POWDER

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

CONCLUSION

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

REFERENCES

THERMAL PROTECTION MATERIALS AND SYSTEMS

STIFFNESS RESPONSE OF OXIDE SCALES ON NICKEL BASED ODS ALLOYS EXPOSED TO THERMAL CYCLIC OXIDATION

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

MATERIALS AND EXPERIMENTS

RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS

CONCLUSION

REFERENCES

HYDRA, A NEW HYBRID THERMAL PROTECTION SYSTEM FOR LEO & MOON MISSION RE-ENTRY VEHICLES

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

SCOPE OF THE RESEARCH

MATERIALS AND ADHESIVE SCREENING

CONCEPT CHARACTERIZATION AND VERIFICATION PLAN

MECHANICAL CHARACTERIZATION

EMISSIVITY MEASUREMENTS

DIMENSIONING OF HYDRA TPS

CONCLUSIONS

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

REFERENCES

MATURATION OF AIRBUS D&S THERMAL PROTECTION SYSTEMS PORTFOLIO

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

"FLEXIBLE" TPS TECHNOLOGIES

“RIGID” TPS TECHNOLOGIES

DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES

PARES

PRE-X DEMONSTRATOR

IXV DEMONSTRATOR

GSTP-SPFI

SHEFEX I+II

EXPERT

ARV

CONCLUSIONS

REFERENCES

FABRICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF C/C-SIC MATERIAL MADE WITH PITCH-BASED CARBON FIBERS

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

CERAMIC MATRIX COMPOSITE C/C-SIC

CARBON PITCH FIBERS

SAMPLE MANUFACTURING

MATERIAL CHARACTERIZATION

MECHANICAL CHARACTERIZATION

CMC MICROSTRUCTURE DISCUSSION

DISCUSSION

CONCLUSION

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

REFERENCES

MATERIALS FOR HARSH ENVIRONMENTS

ELECTROCHEMICAL BEHAVIOR OF Ti(C,N)-Ni

3

Al CERMETS

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

MATERIALS AND METHODS

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

CONCLUSIONS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

REFERENCES

EXTENDING THE LIFETIME OF MIXER PADDLES USED IN THE PRODUCTION OF A LOW-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE CEMENTITIOUS WASTE FORM

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

MIXER PADDLES MATERIAL OF CONSTRUCTION

PADDLE CONFIGURATION TESTING

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

CONCLUSIONS

REFERENCES

ADVANCED SOLUTION AND COLLOIDAL PROCESSING FOR CERAMICS

SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION OF Fe

x

Zr

1-x

O

2

SOLID SOLUTION NANOPARTICLES AND BULK POWDERS PREPARED USING A SOL-GEL TECHNIQUE

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

CONCLUSIONS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

REFERENCES

FERRITE NANOPARTICLES: FROM SYNTHESIS TO NEW ADVANCED MATERIALS

ABSTRACT

1. INTRODUCTION

2. THE SYNTHESIS AND PARTICLE-SIZE DISTRIBUTION OF BARIUM HEXAFERRITE NANOPARTICLES

3. INTERPARTICLE INTERACTIONS OF THE BARIUM HEXAFERRITE AND COBALT FERRITE NANOPARTICLES

4. DEVELOPMENT OF FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS FROM BARIUM HEXAFERRITE AND COBALT FERRITE NANOPARTICLES

5. CONCLUSION

6. REFERENCES

CONTROLLED SYNTHESIS, PROCESSING, AND APPLICATIONS OF STRUCTURAL AND FUNCTIONAL NANOMATERIALS

STRUCTURAL AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF DYSPROSIUM-DOPED SnO

2

NANOCRYSTALS AND THEIR LPG-SENSING BEHAVIOUR

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

EXPERIMENTAL

RESULTS AND DICUSSION

CONCLUSIONS

REFERENCES

DEVELOPMENT AND CHARACTERIZATION OF A GRAPHENE NANOSHEET-POLYANILINE (GNS-PANI) NANOCOMPOSITE FOR CONDUCTIVE INK APPLICATIONS

ABSTRACT

1. INTRODUCTION:

2. EXPERIMENTAL

3. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

4. CONCLUSIONS

5. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

6. REFERENCES

DESIGN AND SYNTHESIS OF METALLIC NANOPARTICLE-CERAMIC SUPPORT INTERFACES FOR ENHANCING THERMAL STABILITY

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

EXPERIMENTAL METHODS

RESULTS & DISCUSSION

CONCLUSIONS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

REFERENCES

SINTERING AND RELATED POWDER PROCESSING

EFFECT OF ALLOYING ELEMENTS ON MECHANICAL PROPERTIES AND ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY OF P/M COPPER ALLOYS DISPERSED WITH VAPOR-GROWN CARBON FIBER

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

CONCLUSION

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

REFERENCES

THE ROLE OF LIQUID PHASE ON MICROSTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES IN CERAMIC TILES FOR INTERIOR WALL FACING

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

MATERIALS AND METHODOLOGY

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

CONCLUSIONS

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

REFERENCES

SURFACE PROTECTION FOR ENHANCED PERFORMANCE

SIMULATION AND MODELING OF A CARBURIZING PROCESS USING VARIABLES FOR EFFECTIVE PERFORMANCE IN SERVICE IN AISI 1032 STEEL

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

MATERIALS AND METHODS

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

DISCUSSION OF RESULTS

CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

REFERENCES

C++ PROGRAMMING

PYROCHLORE LANTHANIDE ZIRCONATES FOR THERMAL BARRIER COATINGS

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

EXPERIMENTAL

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

CONCLUSIONS

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

REFERENCES

OPTIMIZATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF X-RAY MICROSCOPY TECHNIQUE FOR INVESTIGATION OF THERMAL BARRIER COATING

ABSTRACT

1. INTRODUCTION

2. OPTIMIZED X-RAY TOMOGRAPHY TECHNIQUE

3. QUANTITATIVE RESULT AND DISCUSSION

CONCLUSION

REFERENCES

AUTHOR INDEX

EULA

List of Tables

SINGLE-MODE MICROWAVE SINTERING OF Er:Al

2

O

3

Table I

A STUDY OF HIGH TEMPERATURE REFRACTORY INSULATION FOR USE IN CERAMIC AND MICROWAVE METAL HEATING

Table 1

ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF MULTI-TIP OPEN-ENDED COAXIAL PROBE FOR VERY HIGH TEMPERATURE DIELECTRIC MEASUREMENTS

Table 1

THERMAL AND NON-THERMAL PHENOMENA IN MICROWAVE PROCESSING

Table 1

DIELECTRIC AND ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES OF UNDOPED AND Fe-DOPED YTTRIUM COPPER TITANATE

Table 1

Table 2

STRUCTURAL, MICROSTRUCTURAL AND DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES OF TRI-LAYERED AURIVILLIUS-TYPE STRUCTURE Bi

4

Ti

3

O12 FERROELECTRIC CERAMICS

Table I

DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS OF NANOCRYSTALLINE DIAMOND THIN FILMS

Table I

Table II

Table III

MOUNTING OF MULTI-PIN BARE CHIPS WITH BALL PINS ON A FLEXIBLE POLYIMIDE BOARD

Table I

NUMERICAL STUDIES OF INFILTRATION DYNAMICS OF LIQUID- COPPER AND TITANIUM/SOLID- CARBON SYSTEM

Table I.

REACTIVE MELT INFILTRATION OF BORON CONTAINING FIBER REINFORCED PREFORMS FORMING A ZRB2 MATRIX

Table 1:

Table 2:

CHARACTERIZATION OF THE CLAY USED IN MANUFACTURING STRUCTURAL CLAY BRICK

Table I

Table II

Table III

Table IV:

DENSIFICATION OF SHS OBTAINED Ti

2

AlC ACTIVE PRECURSOR POWDER BY HOT PRESSING METHOD

Table I.

Table II

Table III

Table IV

Table V.

NUMERICAL STUDIES OF WETTING AND INTERFACIAL PHENOMENA IN LIQUID-COPPER ALLOY/SOLID-CARBON AND TITANIUM CARBIDE SYSTEMS

Table I.

LOW-TEMPERATURE SYNTHESIS METHOD OF ALUMINUM NITRIDE POWDER

Table. 1

STIFFNESS RESPONSE OF OXIDE SCALES ON NICKEL BASED ODS ALLOYS EXPOSED TO THERMAL CYCLIC OXIDATION

Table I

Table II

HYDRA, A NEW HYBRID THERMAL PROTECTION SYSTEM FOR LEO & MOON MISSION RE-ENTRY VEHICLES

Table 1

Table 2

Table 3

FABRICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF C/C-SIC MATERIAL MADE WITH PITCH-BASED CARBON FIBERS

Table I:

Table II:

Table III:

Table IV:

ELECTROCHEMICAL BEHAVIOR OF Ti(C,N)-Ni

3

Al CERMETS

Table 1

Table 2

Table 3

Table 4

EXTENDING THE LIFETIME OF MIXER PADDLES USED IN THE PRODUCTION OF A LOW-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE CEMENTITIOUS WASTE FORM

Table 1

Table 2

FERRITE NANOPARTICLES: FROM SYNTHESIS TO NEW ADVANCED MATERIALS

Table 1

STRUCTURAL AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF DYSPROSIUM-DOPED SnO

2

NANOCRYSTALS AND THEIR LPG-SENSING BEHAVIOUR

Table I

Table II

EFFECT OF ALLOYING ELEMENTS ON MECHANICAL PROPERTIES AND ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY OF P/M COPPER ALLOYS DISPERSED WITH VAPOR-GROWN CARBON FIBER

Table I

THE ROLE OF LIQUID PHASE ON MICROSTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES IN CERAMIC TILES FOR INTERIOR WALL FACING

Table I

Table II

Table III

Table IV

SIMULATION AND MODELING OF A CARBURIZING PROCESS USING VARIABLES FOR EFFECTIVE PERFORMANCE IN SERVICE IN AISI 1032 STEEL

Table I

Table II

Table III

PYROCHLORE LANTHANIDE ZIRCONATES FOR THERMAL BARRIER COATINGS

Table I

OPTIMIZATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF X-RAY MICROSCOPY TECHNIQUE FOR INVESTIGATION OF THERMAL BARRIER COATING

Table 1

Table 2

Table 3

Guide

Cover

Table of Contents

Preface

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