València: Cultural Heritage and Sustainable Development Goals - AAVV - E-Book

València: Cultural Heritage and Sustainable Development Goals E-Book

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University and university students of various disciplines (health, technology and engineering, humanities, social sciences or basic sciences) have set their sights on certain cultural references to return them to the citizenry and invite us to reflect on these manifestations of collective and diachronic solidarity, of how those people in the past did or created things that have contributed to our welfare, but that above all-, they are manifestations of the personal and collective drive of so many people to improve their living conditions and enrich themselves with the creativity of others, thus generating human development. The texts and references presented here are the results of a University Workshop on Cultural Heritage and Human Development. This is a civic reflexive exercise that anyone can do about the cultural and scientific references of their environment or the place they visit.

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València:

Cultural Heritage and Sustainable Development Goals

Organisation and production

Universitat de València

Vice-rectorate of Internationalisation and CooperationFundació General de la Universitat de ValènciaCooperation Department

President of the FGUV

Mª Vicenta Mestre EscrivàRector of the Universitat de València

Carles Padilla Carmona

Vice-rector of Internationalisation and Cooperation

Antonio Ariño Villarroya

Executive Vice-president of the FGUVVice-rector of Culture and Sport

Organisation

Fundació General de la Universitat de ValènciaCooperation Department

Universitat de València’s UNESCO Chair ofDevelopment Studies

With the support of

Ajuntament de València

Secretary of State for International Cooperationand for Ibero-America and the CaribbeanMinistry for Foreign Affairs and Cooperation

Collaboration

UV’s School of Geography and History

UV’s Servei de Formació Permanent i Innovació EducativaFederació Valenciana de Municipis i Províncies

© Texts: the authors

© This edition: Fundació General de la Universitat de València 2019

ISBN: 978-84-9133-217-6

Coordination and editing:Ximo Revert Roldán

Design and layout:Espirelius

Photographs:Miguel Lorenzo

Project management:

José Miguel Soriano del Castillo

Delegate of UV’s Rectorate for Cooperation andDirector of the UV UNESCO Chair

Ximo Revert Roldán

Head of FGUV’s Department for Cooperation

Communication:

Marketing and Communication Area of the FGUV

Teaching staff:

Josep Lluís Barona, Evangelina Carrasco, Noelia Giner,

Carme Lloret, José Martín, Albert Moncusí, Ximo Revert, Ana Sales, Nuria Tabanera, Raquel Vanyó, Mª Luisa Vázquez de Agredos

Acknowledgements:

Maria Jesús Martínez Usarralde, Ester Alba, Josep Montesinos, Antón Pardo, Cristóbal Suria, staff of central services of the FGUV, technical staff for development cooperation of the Ajuntament de València, staff of the Museum and Colegio del Arte Mayor de la Seda de València, concierge staff of the Faculty of Gª and History, Silvia Gallart, Nuria Castejón, Silvia Arias, Sílvia Lloveras, Guillermo Palao, Mª de los Llanos Gómez, Silvana Longueira, Marta García Haro, Maria Àngles Ull, Amparo Vilches,

Nacho Martínez, Natalia Millán, Federico Buyolo, Sergio Tezanos.

This edition is the result of a project carried out on Education for Development and Global Citizenrysubsidised by the Ajuntament de València (Valencia City Council) and the Ministryof Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, in the 2017 public calls.

EpDCG Project: 'Seminar–Workshop: University – City – SDG: University students for a global citizenry based on cultural andscientificheritage'

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València:

Cultural Heritage and Sustainable Development Goals

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Institutional texts

Carles Padilla. Vice-rector of Internationalisation and Cooperation........................................9

Antoni Ariño. Executive Vice-president of the Fundació General de la Universitat de València. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

University students for a culture of sustainable human development. An introduction

Ximo Revert Roldán. Co-director of the Project............................................13

València: Cultural heritage towards human development

Old Roman forum. Power and citizenry.

María Engracia García-Torres..........................................................22

Water Tribunal of the Plain of Valencia. Common management of common goods.

Aldo Giovanni Caypa Altare............................................................26

Valencia City Council and Francesc de Vinatea. The good governance of the city.

David Pous Benito...................................................................30

II International Writers Congress for the Defence of Culture (Valencia, 1937).

Cultural diversity in the face of a single mindset.

Adelina Agüera López................................................................34

Manuel Castillo. University solidarity and cooperation.

Ana María Dorce Cuñat and Lilibeth Monserrate Santos López...............................38

Sala Matilde Salvador. Women at the vanguard of culture.

Rosa María Isusi Fagoaga.............................................................42

María Moliner. Women at the vanguard of education.

María Consuelo María López..........................................................46

The Market’s Pardalot of Saint John. The distraction of poverty.

Paula Jardón Giner...................................................................50

Margarida Borràs. The death of diversity.

Alexandra Bol Esteve.................................................................54

The productive order of the city and its old guilds.

Matilde García de Albizu Rodríguez.................................................58

College of High Silk Art. Exquisiteness leading industry and progress

Carmen Ventura Salom...........................................................62

Old Hospital Ignoscents, Folls e Orats.

Citizens social and health care

Lorena Pascual Payá.............................................................66

Hospital Ignoscents, Folls e Orats. When building a city... is healing.

María Jesús Perales Montolio......................................................70

Medieval hides and urban hygiene.

Rubén Arnandis i Agramunt.......................................................74

Botanical Garden of the Universitat de València. Healing nature.

Julia Haba Osca . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78

Charity House. The city faced with vulnerability.

Paula Jardón Giner...............................................................82

The old riverbed of River Túria. A source of opportunities for citizens.

Lorena Pascual Payá.............................................................86

Valencia’s University Campus. The metropolis of knowledge: towards social progress.

Adelina Agüera López............................................................90

Monumental ensemble of 1909’s Valencian Regional Exhibition.

Prosperity in art and industry.

Maite Almela Artíguez............................................................94

Germana de Foix: a woman in the governance of the Kingdom.

KarolinaPražmowska............................................................98

The urban kitchen garden of Benimaclet. Local production and consumption.

Sara Arnal Miquel...............................................................102

RicefieldsofLa Albufera. The outstanding adaptation of citizens to the environment.

Mª Ascensión Olcina Simón......................................................106

Valencia SDG Tour, 1st Edition.

Map of SDG cultural heritage sites........................................110

Relation of other SDG heritage elements.

in the Universitat and the City of Valencia........................................113

— 9 —

The Development Cooperation of the Universitat de Valènciais a fundamental public policy that responds to a social responsibility: towards Valencian society and towards the world. Among the different lines of work, sustainable human development training and aware-ness are key to fostering a global citizenry.These shed light on the conclusions of various forums (national and international), where university cooperation debates its objectives and strategies in the face of poverty,in-equalities, injustice and the proliferation of violence. As higher education institutions, we play an essential and strategic role in building a society that is not only educated, but also capable of being critical in the face of these challenges and able to act positively against them.

We have several tools tocarryout our mission. The activity generated by the UNESCO Chair of Development Studies is undoubtedly one of the most important tools at our university. Since 1994, it has been in charge of organising courses, seminars, workshops, conferences, publications, sessions or campaigns. The main objec-

tive is totrain people on how todeal with structural

poverty problems, how to generate peace processes for conflictresolutionandhowtoactincontextsofdiversi-ty,so as to overcome the tendency of limiting ourselves to a single mindset. This informal training complements the undergraduate and postgraduate studies offered by our university,adding to the numerous subjects and qualificationsofferedinhumanrights,gender,migra-tion, development cooperation, sustainability, intercul-tural relations or culture of peace.

Following the last UNESCO Chairs state meeting in Valencia (2015), we have realised that: on the one hand, our efforts need to be directed towards imple-menting the goals and objectives set by the United Na-tions2030Agendaintheacademicfield;andthat,onthe other hand, taking intoaccount the cultural factor is an important strategy in order toalign ourselves with Human Rights and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development more permeable.

In 2016, during the IV Sessions of the University Co-operation Observatory(OCUD–CRUE) at our Universitat,

SUO XS

— 10 —

we had the opportunity of launching a pilot Workshop — led by Ximo Revert —to link the cultural heritage of the City of Valencia to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). A year later,that pilot experience gained ground in the Cooperation Department of the FundacióGeneral, as it became an education project towards Global Citizenryacknowledged and subsidised bythe Ajuntament de València(Valencia City Council) and the Secretaryof State for International Cooperation and for Ibero-America and the Caribbean. Partof the results of this Workshop are shown here.

This project has had the objective of fostering an understanding and responsible attitude towards aglob-al citizenryfrom the basis of the university community itself. And it has tried to do so from a necessaryand inclusive transversality.For that purpose, we have cre-ated a theoreticaland practical teaching environment

of experimentation. With this, students and administra-

tive,services,teachingandresearchstaffofanyfieldand discipline can understand — and share — how in-dividuals, collectives and peoples have favoured sus-tainable human development over the centuries, as at-tested by the numerous cultural and societal references that we nowadays value as a heritage of all the peoples. This edition aims to be yet another contribution of the Universitat de Valènciain creating resources and ex-periencesthatmakeusreflectgloballyascitizensandmotivate us to act locally tofavour a sustainable human development.

Carles Padilla Carmona

Vice-rector of Internationalisation and CooperationUniversitat de València

— 11 —

The Fundació General de la Universitat de Valènciahas launched a project and a unique Workshop thanks to its Cooperation Department. It is a fundamentally transversal initiative, as required bythe 2030 Agenda toseekthefulfilmentoftheUNgoals.Itiscross-cuttingbecauseithascreatedaplaceforreflectionandac-tion, taking cultural heritage as a basis and projectingit towards an awareness of the goals that should guide us in the eradication of poverty and improving the qual-ity of our environment and the governance to overcome inequalities.

It is cross-cutting because it has gathered teachers, researchers, university services staffand students in a single space, so that they can reappropriatecultural referencesand interpret them as achievements of Va-lencian society throughout time to attain a sustainable human development.

It is cross-cutting because allparticipants, from dif-ferentfields,haveidentifiedelementsandsymbolicmilestones of social and cultural value that go beyond acknowledged heritage elements, towards amore di-

verse and less evident heritage that is of great impor-

tance for the people of the 21st century.

As pointed out by one of the project directors, the past is not strange to human development. It is about recognising ourselves in the collective and personal achievements of so many peoples that, over centuries, have aspired to the same: living in peace and improving their living conditions. The manifestations of this ongo-ing struggle to achieve a human development based on sustainable formulas, in harmony with the environment and without endangering the future for generations to come, is perceived as valuable to the people that con-stitute the university community. They are the ones who now want to show their perception of the local heritage references and explain it to the world.

This document aims to contribute — in the frame-work of the Universitat de Valènciaand its FundacióGeneral— to the promotion of a citizenrythat, acknowl-edging its past and taking local symbolic references, projects a collective responsibility: that of establishing heritage, proclaiming and sharing the material and im-

— 12 —

material testimonies of peoples who, with their effort, have enabled us to have better living conditions of free-dom and equality.

We must thank herethe collaboration of the Ajunta-ment de València(Valencia City Council) — which has funded this project — and the Secretaryof State for In-ternational Cooperation and for Ibero-America and the Caribbean (MAEC), without whom this project would not bepossible.Theinitiativehasalsobenefitedfromthesupportand collaboration of the School of Geographyand History, the Servei de Formació Permanent i Inno-

vació Educativaof the Universitatand the Federació Valenciana de Municipis i Províncies.

Behind each element of the cultural heritage that we recognise, there are always people, stories, life ex-periencesandeffort.Thisprojecthasalsobenefitedfrom the dedication and monitoring of the whole team